HISTORY OF ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF ART OF ENAMEL (part 2)
The Egyptian manner of performing jewelry was developed in the post-Dynastic period beyond the borders of Egypt. Ornaments from the burial of the wife of Pharaoh Amenemkhet from Meroe (Nubia)…

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MASTERPIECES OF PASTEL FROM FUNDS OF THE TREYAKOV GALLERY (part 1)
The collection of the State Tretyakov Gallery contains about 800 pastels, some were purchased by P.M. Tretyakov. Pastel must be stored under glass. It is very vulnerable: it can fall…

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ABOUT AQUARIAN PAINTING TECHNIQUE (part 4)
But with the beginning of the technical revolution, with the advent of industrial methods for the manufacture of materials, broader opportunities arose for creative experiments and the popularization of watercolor…

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antique miniaturists

ART UNIONS AND CREATIVE UNIONS OF RUSSIA ON THE TURN OF THE XIX-XX CENTURIES (part 3)

“Bauhaus” (German: Bauhaus – building house) – art educational institution and creative association in Germany. It was founded in 1919 by the architect V. Groppius in Weimar, in 1925 it was transferred to Dessau, in 1933 it was abolished by the fascist authorities. The leaders of the Bauhaus (H. Mayer, J. Albers and others), relying on the aesthetics of functionalism, set out to develop new principles of shaping in plastic arts; they strove for a comprehensive artistic solution to the domestic environment, developed the ability of students to creatively comprehend new materials and designs, and taught them how to create solid and practical products. A significant place was given to design teaching. The main link of the educational process at the Bauhaus was the students’ labor practice in production, art and design workshops, where, along with studies and studies, they created architectural projects, decorative plastic works, and samples of mass household products. Continue reading

LENINGRAD SCHOOL OF PAINTING (part 4)

However, in 1928, after a series of publications in the journal Revolution and Culture, edited by N. I. Bukharin, supported by the section of literature and art of the Communist Academy, a new aggravation of the ideological struggle in art began. Realistic traditions and easel art were opposed by new types of creativity (photography, design, cinema), and models of Western modernism were offered as a standard. This had consequences for Vkhutein (as the Academy of Arts was called in 1923). The directors were accused of restoring academism. The dissatisfaction of some teachers and students of the institute was supported by the art groups “Proletariat”, “Circle”, a group of P. N. Filonov, who opposed, among other things, any control in the development of culture in general and the art school in particular. Continue reading

PRINT. CLASSIFICATION AND VARIETIES (part 1)

An engraving (from French estampe) is a generalized name for works of printed graphics, which is an engraving or any other print on paper from a printing form.
There are four types of prints: high (convex) printing, flat printing, intaglio printing and screen printing. Convex printing includes woodcut, linocut and cardboard engraving. For flat printing – lithography with all its varieties and monotype. Intaglio printing: etching, engraving, mezzo-tinto, dotted line, dry needle, aquatint, reserve, lavis, soft varnish, pencil style. Screen printing – silk screen printing.
Let us consider in more detail the main print techniques in chronological order. Continue reading

ABOUT AQUARIAN PAINTING TECHNIQUE (part 2)
Incidentally, the generally accepted term "watercolor" was first used by Chennino Chennini in his Treatise on Painting (1437), the main point in the described process was the dissolution of paint…

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HISTORY OF THE ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF STAINED-GLASS ART (part 2)
Let us imagine for a moment the decoration of these choirs: painted walls and ceilings, glazed tiled stoves, patterned carpets and carved shutters ... In the interiors of rich chambers,…

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EXCURSION TO THE WORLD OF PAINTING (part 1)
Painting, according to the apt remark of the artist K. Yuon, is “a living letter or a letter about the living”. At first glance, this may seem paradoxical: after all,…

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OIL ART PAINTS (part 2)
You probably noticed that the colors on the palette soon stop getting dirty, but if you slightly press on them with your finger, you can make sure that they are…

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