HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE DUTCH AND FLEMAND STILL LIFE (part 1)
In the 50s and 60s of the 16th century, the situation in the Netherlands became extremely tense. If in the first half of the century the burden of economic exploitation…

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TALKS ON THE ISLANDS OF ART (part 3)
The desire for a new one, by all means, was imposed on art at the beginning of the 20th century. In canonical arts, in Russian iconography, for example, the artist…

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STYLES AND DIRECTIONS IN THE FINE ART (part 1)
The number of styles and directions is huge, if not endless. The key feature by which works can be grouped by style is the unified principles of artistic thinking. The…

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HISTORY OF LANDSCAPE GENRE DEVELOPMENT (part 2)

Landscape motifs began to play a more important role during the High Renaissance. Many artists began to carefully study nature. Having abandoned the usual construction of spatial plans in the form of wings, piling up parts that are inconsistent in scale, they turned to scientific developments in the field of linear perspective. Now the landscape, presented as a whole picture, is becoming an essential element of artistic plots. So, in the altar compositions, which the painters most often referred to, the landscape looks like a scene with human figures in the foreground.
Despite such obvious progress, until the sixteenth century, artists included landscape details in their works only as a backdrop for a religious scene, genre composition or portrait. The clearest example of this is the famous portrait of Mona Lisa (c. 1503, Louvre, Paris), painted by Leonardo da Vinci.
The great painter with remarkable skill conveyed on his canvas the inextricable link between man and nature, showed harmony and beauty, which for many centuries now have made the audience freeze in admiration before the “Mona Lisa”.
Behind the back of a young woman, boundless expanses of the universe open: mountain peaks, forests, rivers and seas. This magnificent landscape is confirmed by the idea that the human person is as versatile and complex as the natural world. But people are not able to comprehend the many secrets of the surrounding world, and this as if confirms a mysterious smile on the lips of the Mona Lisa.
Gradually, the landscape went beyond other art genres. This was facilitated by the development of easel painting. In small-sized paintings by the Dutch master I. Patiner and the German artist A. Altdorfer, the landscape begins to dominate the scenes shown in the foreground.
Many researchers consider Albrecht Altdorfer to be the founder of German landscape painting. Small human figures on his canvas “Forest landscape with the battle of St. George ”(1510, Old Pinakothek, Munich) are lost among mighty tree trunks, whose powerful crowns obscure the earth from sunlight.
Later written “Danube Landscape” (c. 1520-1525, Old Pinakothek, Munich) and “Landscape with Wert Castle” (c. 1522-1530, Old Pinakothek, Munich) indicate that now the image of nature is the main and, probably , the artist’s only task.

CLASSIFICATION OF WORKS OF THE FINE ART
Classification of works of art by type, material, technique and genre. Works of fine art are divided into the following main types: painting, graphics, sculpture, decorative and applied art. Recently,…

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ART UNIONS AND CREATIVE UNIONS OF RUSSIA ON THE TURN OF THE XIX-XX CENTURIES (part 1)
Abramtsevsky (Mamontovsky) art circle - the so-called Representatives of the creative intelligentsia, mainly Moscow, united around the famous businessman and philanthropist S.I. Mamontov. Meetings and meetings of artists and art…

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RUSSIAN Vanguard. MAIN DIRECTIONS (part 3)
Abstractionism (abstract art). The main theorists and practitioners were V. Kandinsky, P. Mondrian. Abstractionism rejected the image of forms of visually perceived reality, from isomorphism and focused solely on the…

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TALKS ON THE ISLANDS OF ART (part 1)
Traveling in the endless sea of ​​the Internet, you can find a great many large and small sites where people share their art, want to be heard and seen, but…

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