LENINGRAD SCHOOL OF PAINTING (part 4)
However, in 1928, after a series of publications in the journal Revolution and Culture, edited by N. I. Bukharin, supported by the section of literature and art of the Communist…

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LENINGRAD SCHOOL OF PAINTING (part 3)
And how to explain such a change of state to "left" art, whose representatives continued to occupy key posts in all the organs of this state, which were in charge…

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ABOUT AQUARIAN PAINTING TECHNIQUE (part 4)
But with the beginning of the technical revolution, with the advent of industrial methods for the manufacture of materials, broader opportunities arose for creative experiments and the popularization of watercolor…

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STYLES AND DIRECTIONS IN THE FINE ART (part 2)

Classicism – an artistic style in Western European art of the XVII – beginning. XIX century and in the Russian XVIII – early. XIX, referring to the ancient heritage as an ideal for imitation. It manifested itself in architecture, sculpture, painting, arts and crafts. Classic artists considered antiquity the highest achievement and made it their standard in art, which they sought to imitate. Over time, degenerated into academicism.
Romanticism Romanticism is a trend in European and Russian art of the 1820-1830s that replaced classicism. Romantics highlighted individuality, contrasting the idealistic beauty of the classicists with “imperfect” reality. Artists were attracted by bright, rare, extraordinary phenomena, as well as images of a fantastic nature. In the art of romanticism, a sharp role is played by keen individual perception and experience. Romanticism freed art from abstract classic dogmas and turned it to national history and images of folklore.
Sentimentalism Sentimentalism – (from lat. Sentiment – feeling) – the direction of Western art of the second half of the XVIII., Expressing disappointment in “civilization” based on the ideals of “reason” (the ideology of Enlightenment). S. proclaims the feeling, secluded reflection, simplicity of the rural life of the “little man.” S.J.Russo is considered the ideologist of S.
Realism Realism is a direction in art, striving with the greatest truth and reliability to reflect both the external form and the essence of phenomena and things. As a creative method combines individual and typical features in creating an image. The longest direction in existence, developing from the primitive era to the present day.
Symbolism Symbolism is a trend in European art culture of the late XIX-early XX centuries. Arising as a reaction to the dominance in the humanitarian sphere of the norms of bourgeois “sanity” (in philosophy, aesthetics – positivism, in art – naturalism), symbolism first took shape in French literature of the late 1860s and 70s, later became widespread in Belgium and Germany , Austria, Norway, Russia. The aesthetic principles of symbolism in many respects went back to the ideas of romanticism, as well as to some doctrines of the idealistic philosophy of A. Schopenhauer, E. Hartmann, partly F. Nietzsche, the creativity and theorizing of the German composer R. Wagner. Symbolism contrasted the living reality with a world of visions and dreams. A universal tool for comprehending the secrets of being and individual consciousness was considered a symbol generated by poetic insight and expressing the otherworldly meaning of phenomena hidden from ordinary consciousness. The artist-creator was considered as a mediator between the real and the super-sensual, everywhere finding the “signs” of world harmony, prophetically guessing the signs of the future both in modern phenomena and in events of the past.
Impressionism Impressionism – (from the French impression – impression) direction in the art of the last third of the XIX – early XX centuries., Arose in France. The name was introduced by art critic L. Leroy, who scornfully spoke about the exhibition of artists of 1874, where, among others, a painting by C. Monet “Sunrise. Impression”. Impressionism affirmed the beauty of the real world, emphasizing the freshness of the first impression, the variability of the environment. The predominant attention to the solution of purely pictorial problems reduced the traditional idea of ​​drawing as the main component of a work of art. Impressionism had a powerful impact on the art of European countries and the United States, aroused interest in stories from real life. (E. Manet, E. Degas, O. Renoir, C. Monet, A. Sisley and others.)
Pointillism Pointillism is a trend in painting (a synonym for divisionism) that developed within the framework of neo-impressionism. Neo-impressionism arose in France in 1885 and became widespread also in Belgium and Italy. Neo-Impressionists tried to apply the latest advances in optics in art, according to which painting performed in separate points of the primary colors in visual perception gives a fusion of colors and the whole gamut of painting. (J. Cera, P. Signac, C. Pissarro).
Modern Post-Impressionism is a conditional collective name for the main directions of French painting of the XIX – 1st quarter. XX century The art of post-impressionism arose as a reaction to impressionism, which fixed attention on the transmission of the moment, on the feeling of pictoriality and lost interest in the shape of objects. Among the post-impressionists are P. Cezanne, P. Gauguin, V. Gogh and others.
Modern Art Nouveau is a style in European and American art on the coast of the 19th-20th centuries. The model reinterpreted and styled the traits of the art of different epoxes, and worked on the related good practices, which are based on the principle of sensitivity, opt. The object of the stylization of the modern also become and natural forms.

ART UNIONS AND CREATIVE UNIONS OF RUSSIA ON THE TURN OF THE XIX-XX CENTURIES (part 3)
"Bauhaus" (German: Bauhaus - building house) - art educational institution and creative association in Germany. It was founded in 1919 by the architect V. Groppius in Weimar, in 1925 it…

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VLADIMIR SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL (part 1)
Vladimir landscape painting is a trend that firmly established itself in art in the 1970s and is now included in the treasury of genuine achievements of the Russian national school.…

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OIL ART PAINTS (part 1)
Artistic paints consist of colored powder - a pigment and a binder that holds together the smallest particles. In painting, mainly inorganic coloring materials are used, as more persistent, less…

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HISTORY OF THE ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF STAINED-GLASS ART (part 2)
Let us imagine for a moment the decoration of these choirs: painted walls and ceilings, glazed tiled stoves, patterned carpets and carved shutters ... In the interiors of rich chambers,…

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