RUSSIAN Vanguard. MAIN DIRECTIONS (part 2)
Russian avant-garde of his goals and aspirations. Like the trends of modernism that preceded it, the avant-garde was aimed at a radical transformation of human consciousness by means of art,…

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HISTORY OF ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF ART OF ENAMEL (part 1)
The history of enamel art, as well as jewelry, has more than three thousand years of history. When and where was the first enameling, i.e. colored glass in the molten…

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RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF ART OF ST. PETERSBURG (part 2)
Under Catherine II, in 1764, a new detailed Charter of the Imperial Academy of Arts was adopted, and the close sovereign Ivan Ivanovich Betskoy became president. The Empress wrote: "For…

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phenomenon

RUSSIAN Vanguard. MAIN DIRECTIONS (part 3)

Abstractionism (abstract art).

The main theorists and practitioners were V. Kandinsky, P. Mondrian. Abstractionism rejected the image of forms of visually perceived reality, from isomorphism and focused solely on the expressive, associative, synesthetic properties of color, non-isomorphic abstract color forms and their innumerable combinations. The first abstract works were created in 1910 by Kandinsky. He set forth the aesthetic creed of abstract art in his book On the Spiritual in Art (1910) and in a number of other books and articles. Its essence boils down to the fact that the rejection of the image of external, visible forms of objects allows the artist to focus on solving exclusively pictorial problems of harmonizing color and form, through which the spiritual cosmos comes into contact with the recipient. Continue reading

HISTORY OF THE ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF MONUMENTAL PAINTING (part 1)

FRESCO

It is customary to divide the painting into easel and monumental. To easel painting is one that is made with oil paints on canvas, cardboard or other solid material. As a rule, it has not so impressive dimensions, is performed on an easel and is able to wander around exhibitions, museums, and the interiors of owners. Monumental painting is another matter. It is rigidly attached to the architectural surface, often has gigantic dimensions and the technology of execution has its own characteristics. There are many diverse techniques of monumental painting, but we intend to tell you only about three of them. This is a fresco, mosaic and stained glass. Continue reading

VLADIMIR SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL (part 1)
Vladimir landscape painting is a trend that firmly established itself in art in the 1970s and is now included in the treasury of genuine achievements of the Russian national school.…

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STYLES AND DIRECTIONS IN THE FINE ART (part 1)
The number of styles and directions is huge, if not endless. The key feature by which works can be grouped by style is the unified principles of artistic thinking. The…

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LENINGRAD SCHOOL OF PAINTING (part 1)
The history of the Leningrad school of painting covers the period from the beginning of the 1930s to the beginning of the 1990s. Having arisen in the midst of a…

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EXCURSION TO THE WORLD OF GRAPHICS
Graphics is the art of drawing. A graphic image, as a rule, consists of lines, strokes, dots, etc. By its nature, a graphic image is more conventional than a pictorial…

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