MASTERPIECES OF PASTEL FROM FUNDS OF THE TREYAKOV GALLERY (part 2)
In Russia, pastel technique appeared in the second half of the XVIII century, but never reached such popularity as in Europe. The first pastors known to us were invited foreign…

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VITEBSK ART SCHOOL (part 3)
The circle of sources covering this time in the biography of the master is mainly identified and studied, therefore all sorts of new information and facts are so rare and…

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TALKS ON THE ISLANDS OF ART (part 2)
02/13/2011 Jrn Calo: Dear Tatyana! First of all, I must tell you that I like to think and manage the reading public. We live in an era of image, when…

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brief acquaintance

LENINGRAD SCHOOL OF PAINTING (part 4)

However, in 1928, after a series of publications in the journal Revolution and Culture, edited by N. I. Bukharin, supported by the section of literature and art of the Communist Academy, a new aggravation of the ideological struggle in art began. Realistic traditions and easel art were opposed by new types of creativity (photography, design, cinema), and models of Western modernism were offered as a standard. This had consequences for Vkhutein (as the Academy of Arts was called in 1923). The directors were accused of restoring academism. The dissatisfaction of some teachers and students of the institute was supported by the art groups “Proletariat”, “Circle”, a group of P. N. Filonov, who opposed, among other things, any control in the development of culture in general and the art school in particular. Continue reading

HISTORY OF LANDSCAPE GENRE DEVELOPMENT (part 1)

Translated from French, the word “landscape” (paysage) means “nature”. This is what the genre is called in fine art, the main task of which is the reproduction of natural or human-modified nature.
In addition, the landscape is a specific work of art in painting or graphics, showing the viewer nature. The “hero” of such a work is a natural motif or a natural motif invented by the author.
Elements of the landscape can be found already in cave art. In the Neolithic era, primitive masters schematically depicted rivers or lakes, trees and stone blocks on the walls of caves. On the Tassilin-Ager plateau in the Sahara, drawings were found with scenes of hunting and driving herds. Continue reading

ABOUT AQUARIAN PAINTING TECHNIQUE (part 3)

The foregoing applies to any kind of art, but it is watercolor that is particularly susceptible to temperament and the “movement of the brush” emanating from the movement of the spirit of the master. It denotes a creative, mental and philosophical attitude to the material. This is the main secret and the problem of ownership of equipment. A high concentration of energy, self-control, a clear thought, a clear task, and a subtle sense of water, colors, and paper are the qualities of a painter that are necessary for the embodiment of an image in a whimsical watercolor painting.
A good illustration of what has been said is a brief acquaintance with one of the traditional pictorial techniques of the East. In China and Japan, there are ancient traditions of writing with water-based materials, mostly ink painting. The traditions of the East are very different from European ones. Continue reading

RUSSIAN Vanguard. MAIN DIRECTIONS (part 3)
Abstractionism (abstract art). The main theorists and practitioners were V. Kandinsky, P. Mondrian. Abstractionism rejected the image of forms of visually perceived reality, from isomorphism and focused solely on the…

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HISTORY OF THE ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF STAINED-GLASS ART (part 2)
Let us imagine for a moment the decoration of these choirs: painted walls and ceilings, glazed tiled stoves, patterned carpets and carved shutters ... In the interiors of rich chambers,…

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LENINGRAD SCHOOL OF PAINTING (part 2)
In the narrow, literal sense, the Leningrad school usually means the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture named after I.E. Repin (LIZHSA) from 1932 until the early 1990s, its…

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ART UNIONS AND CREATIVE UNIONS OF RUSSIA ON THE TURN OF THE XIX-XX CENTURIES (part 1)
Abramtsevsky (Mamontovsky) art circle - the so-called Representatives of the creative intelligentsia, mainly Moscow, united around the famous businessman and philanthropist S.I. Mamontov. Meetings and meetings of artists and art…

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