EXCURSION TO THE WORLD OF GRAPHICS
Graphics is the art of drawing. A graphic image, as a rule, consists of lines, strokes, dots, etc. By its nature, a graphic image is more conventional than a pictorial…

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VITEBSK ART SCHOOL (part 2)
Having learned the lessons of new European art and declaring himself to be a rapidly maturing master, M. Chagall returned to Vitebsk on the eve of the First World War.…

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RUSSIAN Vanguard. MAIN DIRECTIONS (part 2)
Russian avant-garde of his goals and aspirations. Like the trends of modernism that preceded it, the avant-garde was aimed at a radical transformation of human consciousness by means of art,…

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Monthly Archives: April 2018

STYLES AND DIRECTIONS IN THE FINE ART (part 2)

Classicism – an artistic style in Western European art of the XVII – beginning. XIX century and in the Russian XVIII – early. XIX, referring to the ancient heritage as an ideal for imitation. It manifested itself in architecture, sculpture, painting, arts and crafts. Classic artists considered antiquity the highest achievement and made it their standard in art, which they sought to imitate. Over time, degenerated into academicism.
Romanticism Romanticism is a trend in European and Russian art of the 1820-1830s that replaced classicism. Romantics highlighted individuality, contrasting the idealistic beauty of the classicists with “imperfect” reality. Artists were attracted by bright, rare, extraordinary phenomena, as well as images of a fantastic nature. In the art of romanticism, a sharp role is played by keen individual perception and experience. Continue reading

VITEBSK ART SCHOOL (part 1)

Nikolay Gugnin. From the history of the Vitebsk art school.

In the late 1910s, the paths of many famous artists of the 20th century converged in the provincial city of Vitebsk. They were very different in their views on art, in belonging to one or another artistic movement, and the circumstances that brought them to Vitebsk were different. But all of them were united by the idea of ​​creating the Vitebsk professional art school, now celebrating its seventy-five years. And this small (1918-1923 gg.) Period of time in its history became its first chapter, dramatic and vibrant. Continue reading

STYLES AND DIRECTIONS IN THE FINE ART (part 1)

The number of styles and directions is huge, if not endless. The key feature by which works can be grouped by style is the unified principles of artistic thinking. The change of some methods of artistic thinking by others (alternation of types of compositions, methods of spatial constructions, peculiarities of color) is not accidental. Historically changeable is our perception of art.
Building a system of styles in a hierarchical order, we will adhere to the Eurocentric tradition. The largest in the history of art is the concept of the era. Each era is characterized by a certain “picture of the world”, which consists of philosophical, religious, political ideas, scientific ideas, psychological characteristics of worldview, ethical and moral norms, aesthetic criteria of life, which distinguish one era from another. Continue reading

ART UNIONS AND CREATIVE UNIONS OF RUSSIA ON THE TURN OF THE XIX-XX CENTURIES (part 3)
"Bauhaus" (German: Bauhaus - building house) - art educational institution and creative association in Germany. It was founded in 1919 by the architect V. Groppius in Weimar, in 1925 it…

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RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF ART OF ST. PETERSBURG (part 1)
In 2007, the Russian Academy of Arts celebrates its 250th anniversary. November 17, 1757 (old style - November 6) - The governing Senate of the Russian Empire adopted a decree…

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HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE DUTCH AND FLEMAND STILL LIFE (part 1)
In the 50s and 60s of the 16th century, the situation in the Netherlands became extremely tense. If in the first half of the century the burden of economic exploitation…

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LENINGRAD SCHOOL OF PAINTING (part 4)
However, in 1928, after a series of publications in the journal Revolution and Culture, edited by N. I. Bukharin, supported by the section of literature and art of the Communist…

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