EXCURSION TO THE WORLD OF GRAPHICS
Graphics is the art of drawing. A graphic image, as a rule, consists of lines, strokes, dots, etc. By its nature, a graphic image is more conventional than a pictorial…

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MASTERPIECES OF PASTEL FROM FUNDS OF THE TREYAKOV GALLERY (part 1)
The collection of the State Tretyakov Gallery contains about 800 pastels, some were purchased by P.M. Tretyakov. Pastel must be stored under glass. It is very vulnerable: it can fall…

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HISTORY OF THE ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF MONUMENTAL PAINTING (part 2)
The term “fresco” came to Russia from Italy no earlier than the 18th century. This can be judged by the fact that even in the XVI-XVII centuries it was not…

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Monthly Archives: November 2017

HISTORY OF LANDSCAPE GENRE DEVELOPMENT (part 1)

Translated from French, the word “landscape” (paysage) means “nature”. This is what the genre is called in fine art, the main task of which is the reproduction of natural or human-modified nature.
In addition, the landscape is a specific work of art in painting or graphics, showing the viewer nature. The “hero” of such a work is a natural motif or a natural motif invented by the author.
Elements of the landscape can be found already in cave art. In the Neolithic era, primitive masters schematically depicted rivers or lakes, trees and stone blocks on the walls of caves. On the Tassilin-Ager plateau in the Sahara, drawings were found with scenes of hunting and driving herds. Continue reading

HISTORY OF THE ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE WHITE ART

Thread painting
“A tapestry is a beauty, slowly created by warm, skillful hands, a calm mind and a sensitive soul.”
I. Dvorkina

Today, a variety of decorative and applied art, traditionally called a “tapestry”, acts as a complex artistic phenomenon that combines the qualities of several genres at once – from “hand weaving” to “textile” sculpture.
Initially, the concept of tapestry was a method of producing fabric that looks like a wall lint-free carpet with a plot or ornamental composition. This carpet was woven manually, from colored or silk threads through their cross-weave. Continue reading

HISTORY OF THE ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF STAINED-GLASS ART (part 2)

Let us imagine for a moment the decoration of these choirs: painted walls and ceilings, glazed tiled stoves, patterned carpets and carved shutters … In the interiors of rich chambers, only windows could remain colorless spots. Stained-glass windows — multicolored glasses and mica plates assembled in the pattern — helped to solve the problem, complementing the atmosphere of the luxurious life of the then aristocracy. “The colored light that now penetrated through the glass and mica stained-glass windows created a special, joyful mood, made the interior cozy, complemented the beauty of the brightly-patterned decoration of the room.” Continue reading

PRINT. CLASSIFICATION AND VARIETIES (part 1)
An engraving (from French estampe) is a generalized name for works of printed graphics, which is an engraving or any other print on paper from a printing form. There are…

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CLASSIFICATION OF WORKS OF THE FINE ART
Classification of works of art by type, material, technique and genre. Works of fine art are divided into the following main types: painting, graphics, sculpture, decorative and applied art. Recently,…

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HISTORY OF LANDSCAPE GENRE DEVELOPMENT (part 1)
Translated from French, the word “landscape” (paysage) means “nature”. This is what the genre is called in fine art, the main task of which is the reproduction of natural or…

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STYLES AND DIRECTIONS IN THE FINE ART (part 1)
The number of styles and directions is huge, if not endless. The key feature by which works can be grouped by style is the unified principles of artistic thinking. The…

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