The Association of New Architects (ASNOVA) is the first organization of innovative architects in post-revolutionary Russia, founded in 1923 in Moscow. The aim of the Association was to develop a new formal-artistic language of architecture, new methods of architectural education. The Association was closely connected with the Faculty of Architecture of Vhutemas, its members (N.V. Dokuchaev, V.F. Krinsky and others) organized a special department there, where teaching was conducted according to the new methodology. In addition, members of ASNOVA appeared in the press on various issues of architecture, and also prepared the publication “Architecture of Vhutemas” (M., 1927). Continue reading
In the 50s and 60s of the 16th century, the situation in the Netherlands became extremely tense. If in the first half of the century the burden of economic exploitation by Spain was balanced to a certain extent for the bourgeoisie with the benefits derived from the inclusion of the Netherlands in the world empire of the Habsburgs, which guaranteed the security of trade, in the second half of the 16th century the situation radically changed. The dependence of the Netherlands on feudal Catholic Spain became a brake on the further development of the country.
Increased pressure on the Dutch provinces, the tax system, which undermines the foundations of trade – all this delayed the development of productive forces. The free development of the bourgeoisie has already become incompatible with the feudal system. Continue reading
02/13/2011 Jrn Calo:
First of all, I must tell you that I like to think and manage the reading public. We live in an era of image, when there is no time for reflection. People often prefer to act, because thinking and working on their inner world takes too much time. Therefore, I like to make provocative judgments in order to stimulate new thoughts and ideas. I would also like to look into the future to find out how the history of art will develop and imagine what could happen in art tomorrow.
Each company uses all its resources and knowledge that may be useful to the cause. If you think that everything that is hand-made is art, you acknowledge that the urinal of Marcel Duchamp or the shark in formaldehyde Damien Hirst is art. Continue reading