PRINT. CLASSIFICATION AND VARIETIES (part 1)
An engraving (from French estampe) is a generalized name for works of printed graphics, which is an engraving or any other print on paper from a printing form. There are…

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ART UNIONS AND CREATIVE UNIONS OF RUSSIA ON THE TURN OF THE XIX-XX CENTURIES (part 2)
The Association of New Architects (ASNOVA) is the first organization of innovative architects in post-revolutionary Russia, founded in 1923 in Moscow. The aim of the Association was to develop a…

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LENINGRAD SCHOOL OF PAINTING (part 2)
In the narrow, literal sense, the Leningrad school usually means the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture named after I.E. Repin (LIZHSA) from 1932 until the early 1990s, its…

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ABOUT AQUARIAN PAINTING TECHNIQUE (part 2)

Incidentally, the generally accepted term “watercolor” was first used by Chennino Chennini in his Treatise on Painting (1437), the main point in the described process was the dissolution of paint in water containing vegetable gum – gummi.

So, from the history of technology it is clear that the first method of watercolor writing was painting on dry soil, another way of working, on the wet surface of the paper, was supposedly applied not earlier than the beginning of the 19th century. A more capricious and whimsical way of writing wet was born in England, probably because in a country located on an island surrounded by water in this “foggy Albion”, the increased humidity of the air itself dictated the painting’s character light and soft. Continue reading

PRINT. CLASSIFICATION AND VARIETIES (part 2)
Lavis (from Fr. lavis - wash) - a kind of aquatint. Known since the 1780s. The drawing is applied by needle etching. The tonality is obtained by etching with acid,…

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PRINT. CLASSIFICATION AND VARIETIES (part 1)
An engraving (from French estampe) is a generalized name for works of printed graphics, which is an engraving or any other print on paper from a printing form. There are…

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RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF ART OF ST. PETERSBURG (part 2)
Under Catherine II, in 1764, a new detailed Charter of the Imperial Academy of Arts was adopted, and the close sovereign Ivan Ivanovich Betskoy became president. The Empress wrote: "For…

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